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人格測驗在國家選才及培訓任用之運用與發展

摘要


  本研究旨在編製一套高階文官人格量表。第一階段透過文獻探討、專家焦點團體與問卷調查形成六個高階文官應具有的人格特質,其核心結構包含嚴謹性、情緒穩定性、友善性、使命感、領導性以及創新學習等構面,並進行初步編題。第二階段進行抽樣調查,有效樣本為781份,問卷回收率為64.7%,包含簡任薦任委任、主管與非主管等不同類別人員。其後,根據量表編製的標準程序進行項目分析與信度檢驗,以檢驗量表基本品質與穩定程度。六個構面各保留10個題目,總共60題組成正式量表。項目分析與信度分析結果接顯示本量表具有高度穩定性且適於進一步分析。第三階段乃檢定各種不同屬性的人員在六個人格構念上是否具有顯著差異,並透過實際應用檢驗本量表的建構效度。差異檢定結果顯示,六個人格構面在性別、職等、學歷、職務等項目上均存在顯著差異。效度檢驗部分採用區別分析,以六個人格構面來對職等做分類,結果顯示分類正確性高達75%,具有高度預測能力與正確性。綜觀研究結果,各項檢驗皆顯示本量表實為具有高度實務應用價值之參考工具。

 

關鍵字:高階文官、人格量表、量表編製。

 

 

Abstract

 

 

 

        The primary objective of this study is to develop a personality scale for the top-level civil employees. During the first stage, literature review, focus group interviews, and a survey questionnaire was utilized to develop a six factor personality scale for top-level civil employees. The six factors include meticulousness, emotional stability, friendly, strong sense of responsibility, leadership, and innovative learning. During the second stage, the scale was administered with a return rate of 64.7%; a total of 781 valid questionnaires were gathered and encoded. Participants include department heads, section chiefs, and other clerical civil employees. Hence, a total of 60 items were included. Within the scale, each of the six personality factors has 10 items. To determine the validity and robustness of the scale, item analysis and reliability tests were accomplished. Results show that both item analysis and reliability tests have proven that the scale is highly stable. During the third stage, analysis on the six personality factors was accomplished on the various types of participants to determine if there exist any significant differences among the factors. Result shows that the six personality factors have significant differences between the participants’ gender, rank, educational attainment, and job responsibilities. Furthermore, discriminate analysis has shown that there is 75% predictability between the top and low level ranking civil employees. In sum, results have all contributed to the applicability of a personality scale as an effective tool in civil service personnel selection and training.

 

Keywords: top-level civil employees, personality scale, scale development